How is it made?

The lockdown boredom has set in here, and I keep trying to think of different things to do with things we've got at home.  I thought I'd put out some objects which are made in different ways as a talking point.  It actually worked better than I thought and he was very happy to explain things to me where he knew them, and curious to learn more where he didn't.

You could pick anything (that you know enough about!), but the objects I found were an apple, a pine cone, some shells, a wooden block, a piece of paper, a piece of pasta, a plastic pot and spoon, a steel spoon and a few rocks (one sedimentary, one igneous and one metamorphic).  

How are these objects made?

I started off asking him if he would like to pick an object and tell me how it is made.  To my surprise, he picked a plastic spoon and told me that liquid plastic mixed with colour was injected into a mould and left to cool!  He couldn't tell me how plastic was made though, so I gave him a simplified explanation of oil being formed from plants and animals that died a long time ago which have been squashed under rock, this oil being pumped out and part of it used in a chemical reaction to make plastics.  

He chose the apple next, and told me it grew on a tree.  He then chose the pasta and told me about how the spiral shape was made by pushing pasta dough through a big machine - I think this comes from Maddie's Do You Know on CBeebies, but he couldn't remember that it's made from a type of wheat.  

He had a look at the rocks, and picked up the pumice.  He wasn't sure how it was made so I explained that it had come out of a volcano, and the liquid rock had cooled with little air bubbles trapped inside which is why it was so light.  He wanted to tell me about the wood next (from a tree) and the pine cone (also from a tree).  Then he picked the metal spoon, and asked how it was made.  My simplified explanation was that the spoon is made from steel, and to make steel you need to dig iron ore out of the ground and the iron is heated to make liquid metal and shaped into the spoon (this omits the addition of carbon but that seemed like a detail too far for now).

Then he wanted to eat the apple, so we didn't get to the other things.  Maybe another day, but he did pick up something else later in the day and ask me how it was made, so hopefully it's got him thinking a bit about where things come from.